90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

Carbon Steel Elbow, Sch40 Carbon Steel 45/90 Degree Elbow 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

Carbon Steel Pipe Fittings Elbow is a most common type of CS fitting used to join pipe or tubing to allow a change of direction, usually a 90° or 45° angle, though 22.5 Degree Elbow Carbon Steel are also used in piping system. All top manufacturers use Carbon Steel Elbow Cold Forming Machine in India, Europe, China & Korea. (pipe) What is a 45 degree elbow pipe?What is a 45 degree elbow pipe?Its often used for connection of hoses to water pumps, deck drains, and valves. The main use is just like the previously stated pipe, but the diameter is short. So this kind of piping elbow is often used when shortage of space. 45 degree elbow is to change pipe direction by 45 degree, it is second common used type in industrial pipelines.Steel Pipe Elbow Material Types and Specifications - Fast 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (pipe) What is the degree of steel elbow?What is the degree of steel elbow?As we know, steel elbow can be classified into different degrees, normally is 45 degree steel pipe elbow, 90 degree steel pipe elbow and 180 degree steel pipe elbow. Other degree like 60° or 120° also used in pipeline systems in case special requirements.Steel Pipe Elbow Material Types and Specifications - Fast 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

What is the radius of carbon steel pipe?What is the radius of carbon steel pipe?Carbon Steel Pipe Elbow are split into 5 opportunities, the Carbon Steel 90 Degree Elbow, Carbon Steel 45 Degree Elbow and CS 180° elbows, all three in the "long radius" version, and in addition the 90° and 180° elbows both in the "short radius" version. Radius of Long Radius (LR) Elbows is 1.5 times the pipe diameter.Carbon Steel Elbow, Sch40 Carbon Steel 45/90 Degree Elbow 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (pipe) 2 1/2" BSPT Galvanised Carbon Steel 90 Degree Elbow

2 1/2' NB 3000lb rated 90 degree elbow in galvanised forged ASTM A105N carbon steel. Conforms to ASME B16.11 and BS 3799, female BSP taper threaded, EU origin, 3.1 test certificates available. (pipe) 45 Degree Elbows - Steel Pipes Manufacturers (steel) 45 Degree Elbow Manufacturers, Suppliers and Stockists ASME B16.9 Standard 45 Degree Elbow Factory. Metallica is one of the leading carbon steel 45 degree elbow, stainless steel 45 degree elbow, alloy steel 45 degree elbow manufacturer and supplier.

45 Degree Long Radius Elbow - Gnee steel

Best-selling 45 Degree Long Radius Elbow Pipe Fittings in low temperature carbon steel, with complete size and high reputation, to meet your demands. The most applied version is 45 degree or 90 degree long radius elbows. Long radius type is frequently adopted if no radius is indicated. (pipe) 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degr (steel) tubing elbow steel 90 degrees90 degree steel elbow dimensions90 degree metal elbowscarbon steel elbow dimensionssteel pipe 90 elbowthreaded 90 degree elbowsSome results are removed in response to a notice of local law requirement. For more information, please see here.Videos of 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Car (steel) Watch video on Astm 45 Degree Mirror Finished Stainless Steel Pipe Fittings Elbow Ss201Watch video on ELBOW 45/90/180 DEGREE SCH10-160/STD/XS ASME/ANSI Watch video on youku0:42carbon steel elbowOct 29, 2019youkuWatch video on Vimeo0:30carbon steel pipe fitting elbow1 views7 months agoVimeoLilySee more videos of 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel ElbowPipe Elbow Street Elbow API5l Carbon Steel Elbow 45 and 90 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) Pipe Elbow, Street Elbow, Carbon Steel Elbow manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Pipe Elbow Street Elbow API5l Carbon Steel Elbow 45 and 90 Degree Elbow Butt Weld Elbow, Steel Pipe Galvanised Tube Sch40 Seamless Pipe Carbon Steel Pipe Alloy Pipea ASTM Sch80 Anti-Corrosion, Carbon Steel (pipe) 90 Degree Elbows - Steel Pipes Manufacturers (steel) 90 Degree Elbow Manufacturers, Suppliers and Stockists ASME B16.9 Standard 90 Degree Elbow Factory. Metallica is one of the leading carbon steel 90 degree elbow, stainless steel 90 degree elbow, alloy steel 90 degree elbow manufacturer and supplier.

90 degree Long Radius Elbow, Short Radius 90 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow - Sunny Steel

Sunny Steel are Manufacturer of 90 degree Long Radius Elbow. The 90 degree Long Radius Elbow manufactured using superior grade raw materials. The 90 degree Long Radius Elbows are used for connecting pipes of different diameters and find wide applications in various chemicals, construction industries, paper, cement & ship builders. (pipe) 90° and 45° Long Radius Elbows - ANSI B16 (steel) Buttweld Fittings 6-7 Aalco Tel. 01932 250100 Fax 01932 250101 E-mail Marketing@amari-metals 90° and 45° Long Radius Elbows - ANSI B16.9 Dimensions (based on ASME/ANSI B16.9) and example weights for long radius elbows Notes - Dimensions quoted in mm are Nominal values from B16.9 (i.e. rounded equivalents of the inch dimensions). (pipe) ASME B16.9 Elbow, Buttweld 90 Degree Elbow Manufacturer (steel) Stockholder Of 90° Short Radius Elbow, 90 Degree Buttweld Pipe Elbow, Steel Pipe Elbow Delaer. The long radius elbows have a center to end distance that is 1.5 times the NPS in inches (R=1.5D), while the short radius is equal to the NPS in inches (R=1.0D).=Short radius elbows are generally used in tight areas, and long radius elbows are used when space is available and flow is more critical.

ASME B16.9 Elbow, Carbon Steel 45 Degree Elbow, B16.9

48 rowsThis helps the elbow to eliminate the sudden pressure changes on the inside during the (pipe) ASTM B 16.9 Squared/Beveled Ends Degree 90 Stainless Steel 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) Feb 27, 2021Carbon Steel Bw Pipe Fittings ASME B16.9 SS 304 316 A403 WP304 316 Smls Butt welding SCH40 Equal Tee; ASTM A106 Gr. B St45 API 5L 52 46 42 Carbon Steel Tube Seamless Steel Pipe; A234 Wpb Carbon Steel Sml Pipe Fitting Straight Equal Tee; Street elbow pipe elbow pipe fitting reducing elbow Steel Pipe Elbow 90 degree Butt weld elbow (pipe) Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) Manufacturing process of Carbon Steel Elbow. Elbow is a kind of pipe fitting used for pipe turning. It has 90 degree elbow, 45 degree elbow and so on. It can be manufactured according to the needs of the project. The manufacturing process of elbow with different materials and different pressures is

Carbon Steel Elbow, 90°Long and Short Radius Elbow, 45 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

Manufacturer of butt weld carbon steel elbow with 90°long and short radius elbow, 45°long and short radius elbow, 180°long and short radius elbow. (pipe) Carbon Steel Elbow, Sch40 Carbon Steel 45/90 Degree Elbow 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) A right-angled bend in a pipe or conduit; an elbow. Most common Carbon Steel Pipe Elbow Carbon Steel 90 Degree Elbow - to change in direction required is 90°. Carbon Steel 45 Degree Elbow - to change in direction required is 45°. L/R - Carbon Steel Long Radius Elbow. S/R - (pipe) Carbon Steel Pipe Fittings - Carbon Steel Long Radius LR 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) Wholesale Supplier of Carbon Steel Pipe Fittings - Carbon Steel Long Radius LR Elbow, Carbon Steel Short Radius SR Elbow, IBR Carbon Steel Forged Fittings ASTM A105 and IBR Carbon Steel Butt Weld Pipe Fittings ASTM A234 WPB offered by Reflex Tubes & Industries, Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Carbon Steel Pipe Fittings - Carbon Steel Long Radius LR 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

Wholesale Supplier of Carbon Steel Pipe Fittings - Carbon Steel Long Radius LR Elbow, Carbon Steel Short Radius SR Elbow, IBR Carbon Steel Forged Fittings ASTM A105 and IBR Carbon Steel Butt Weld Pipe Fittings ASTM A234 WPB offered by Reflex Tubes & Industries, Mumbai, Maharashtra. (pipe) China 4inch Schedule 40 Carbon Steel 90 Degree Elbow 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) A105 Elbow, 45 Degree Elbow, Bw Elbow manufacturer / supplier in China, offering 4inch Schedule 40 Carbon Steel 90 Degree Elbow, China Factory Price Big Fabrication Water Bolier Sour Nace A213 Heating Tube ASTM A312 Thick Wall API Seamless Ss 304 316 316L Duplex Stainless Steel Pipe, Three Way Lever CF8 Female Stainless Steel Thread Ball Valve and so on. (pipe) China ASME B16.9 ASTM A234 Wpb 90 Degree/45 (steel) Steel Elbow, Carbon Steel Elbow, 90 Degree Elbow manufacturer / supplier in China, offering ASME B16.9 ASTM A234 Wpb 90 Degree/45 Degreeseamless/ Welded Lr/Sr Carbon Steel Elbow, Hot DIP Galvanized Square Steel Pipe HDG Square Pipe 20mm to 400mm, ASTM A53 Gr. B Hot DIP Galvanized Round Steel Pipe DN15~DN200 and so on.

China Carbon Steel 90 Degree Elbow Manufacturers,

SR 90 degree elbow is the same as the pipe elbow mentioned above, but the diameter is shorter. Therefore, this kind of steel elbow is often used when space is not enough. Hot Tags carbon steel 90 degree elbow, China, manufacturers, factory, Carbon Steel BS 4504 Flange , Stainless Steel 45 Degree Elbow , Carbon Steel Elbow , 45 Degree Elbow 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (pipe) China Steel Elbow Forged 90 Degree Socket Weld ASTM (steel) 90 degree steel pipe elbow functioned to change fluid direction by 90 degree, so also named as vertical elbow. It is the common degree in all the pipeline systems and used most in all different degree of elbows. (As it is convenient to suit to steel construction and structural.) Long radius 90 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (pipe) China Steel Elbow Forged 90 Degree Socket Weld ASTM (steel) 90 degree steel pipe elbow functioned to change fluid direction by 90 degree, so also named as vertical elbow. It is the common degree in all the pipeline systems and used most in all different degree of elbows. (As it is convenient to suit to steel construction and structural.) Long radius 90 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

Dimensions Butt Weld Elbows 45°-90° LR and 3D ASME B16.9

Dimensional Tolerances of Butt Weld Elbows - 45° and 90° - LR and 3D - ASME B16.9 -. Dimensional tolerances are in millimeters unless otherwise indicated and are equal ± except as noted. MSS SP-43 only covers stainless steel buttweld fittings made for use with Schedule 5S and 10S pipe and Stub Ends suitable for use with Schedule 40S pipe, as 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (pipe) Images of 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon S (steel) imagesPeople also askWhat is 90 degree steel pipe elbow?What is 90 degree steel pipe elbow?90 degree steel pipe elbow functioned to change fluid direction by 90 degree, so also named as vertical elbow. It is the common degree in all the pipeline systems and used most in all different degree of elbows. (As it is convenient to suit to steel construction and structural.)Steel Pipe Elbow (45 and 90 degree) Types & Specifications 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (pipe) Making carbon steel reducing cross 45 degree elbow 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) Specialized in 45 degree elbow, 90 degree elbow, 180 degree elbow, concentric reducer, eccentric reducer, straight tee, equal tee, reducing tee, Y tee 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow A420 = Standard specification for piping fittings of wrought carbon steel and alloy steel for low-temperature service. A403 = Standard specification for wrought austenitic stainless steel 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

Mid-States Carbon Steel Pipe Fitting - Elbow 45

Mid-States HQ 1716 Guinotte Avenue, Kansas City, Missouri 64120, US : 800.825.1410 (pipe) NOM. PIPE SIZEPIPE SCHED. OR NO.CENTER- TO-END DIMEN.OUTSIDE DIA.1/2405/80.8403/4407/161.0501407/81.3151 1/44011.660 48 rows on dineshindustriesChina Steel Elbow Forged 90 Degree Socket Weld ASTM (steel) 90 degree steel pipe elbow functioned to change fluid direction by 90 degree, so also named as vertical elbow. It is the common degree in all the pipeline systems and used most in all different degree of elbows. (As it is convenient to suit to steel construction and structural.) Long radius 90 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (pipe) Pipe Elbow Street Elbow API5l Carbon Steel Elbow 45 and 90 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) Pipe Elbow, Street Elbow, Carbon Steel Elbow manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Pipe Elbow Street Elbow API5l Carbon Steel Elbow 45 and 90 Degree Elbow Butt Weld Elbow, Steel Pipe Galvanised Tube Sch40 Seamless Pipe Carbon Steel Pipe Alloy Pipea ASTM Sch80 Anti-Corrosion, Carbon Steel Thermal Insulation Pipe Series and so on.

Pipe Fittings Direct. Butt Weld Elbows

Pipe. Product Type. Weld on Elbows. 90 degree short radius elbows. 90 degree long radius elbow. 45 degree elbow. Material. 304 Stainless Steel. 316 Stainless Steel. (pipe) Some results are removed in response to a notice of local law requirement. For more information, please see here.(pipe) Some results are removed in response to a notice of local law requirement. For more information, please see here.Carbon Steel Elbow, Sch40 Carbon Steel 45/90 Degree Elbow 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) Carbon Steel Pipe Fittings Elbow is a most common type of CS fitting used to join pipe or tubing to allow a change of direction, usually a 90° or 45° angle, though 22.5 Degree Elbow Carbon Steel are also used in piping system. All top manufacturers use Carbon Steel Elbow

Steel Pipe Elbow (45 and 90 degree) - Threeway Steel Co.

Steel Pipe Elbow. Pipe Type:45 Degree/90 Degree/180 Degree Elbow, Long Radius/Short Radius Elbow Application:Suitable for fire piping system, air, steam, water,gas, oil , home decoration , equipment and so on Specification NPS 1/2''~24''(Seamless), 24''~72''(Welded) DN 15~1200, WT 2~80mm, SCH 5~XXS Bending Radius R=1D~10D, R=15D, R=20D Standard&Grade Carbon Steel --- ASME (pipe) Steel Pipe Elbow (45 and 90 degree) - Threeway Steel Co. (steel) Steel Pipe Elbow. Pipe Type:45 Degree/90 Degree/180 Degree Elbow, Long Radius/Short Radius Elbow Application:Suitable for fire piping system, air, steam, water,gas, oil , home decoration , equipment and so on Specification NPS 1/2''~24''(Seamless), 24''~72''(Welded) DN 15~1200, WT 2~80mm, SCH 5~XXS Bending Radius R=1D~10D, R=15D, R=20D Standard&Grade Carbon Steel --- ASME (pipe) Steel Pipe Elbow (45 and 90 degree) Types & Specifications 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) SR 90 degree elbow is the same as the pipe elbow mentioned above, but the diameter is shorter. Therefore, this kind of steel elbow is often used when space is not enough. 45 Degree Steel Pipe Elbow 45 degree elbow is second common use after 90 degree elbow.

Steel Pipe Elbow Fittings 90 Degree Elbow Dimensions 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

Jul 31, 2019They also have types that threaded 90 degree elbow and threaded 45 degree elbow. Supply Range Size NPS 1/8 to 4 / DN 6 to 100 Pressure 2000LB, 3000LB, 6000LB. Dimensions & Weight of Threaded Elbow Threaded Elbow Dimensions & Weight Material & Grades for Steel Pipe Elbows Carbon Steel Elbow Fitting. ASTM A105, A350 LF2, LF3, A694 F52, F60, F65 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (pipe) Steel Pipe Elbow Material Types and Specifications - Fast 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) Steel pipe elbow is an important parts in plumbing pipeline systems and used to change the fluid directions. It ranges in different types as per body material there are stainless steel elbow, carbon steel elbow, and alloy steel; As per fluid directions there are 45 degree , 90 degree elbow and 180 degree; As per elbow length and radius there are short radius elbow (SR elbow) and long radius 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (pipe) Steel Pipe Elbow Material Types and Specifications - Fast 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) Steel pipe elbow is an important parts in plumbing pipeline systems and used to change the fluid directions. It ranges in different types as per body material there are stainless steel elbow, carbon steel elbow, and alloy steel; As per fluid directions there are 45 degree , 90 degree elbow and 180 degree; As per elbow length and radius there are short radius elbow (SR elbow) and long radius elbow (LR elbow); As per connections types there are butt weld elbow, socket weld elbow

Threaded Pipe Elbow 90 Degree Elbow & Carbon Steel

Nov 12, 202090 degree threaded pipe elbow fitting is available in carbon steel, alloy steel and stainless steel, the dimensions are conform to ASME B16.11 standard. The B16.11 standard covers pressure-temperature ratings, dimensions,marking, tolerances and material requirements. We are specialized in supplying forged threaded fittings in three pressure 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (pipe) Videos of 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon S (steel) Watch video on Astm 45 Degree Mirror Finished Stainless Steel Pipe Fittings Elbow Ss201Watch video on ELBOW 45/90/180 DEGREE SCH10-160/STD/XS ASME/ANSI Watch video on youku0:42carbon steel elbowOct 29, 2019youkuWatch video on Vimeo0:30carbon steel pipe fitting elbow1 views7 months agoVimeoLilySee more videos of 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel ElbowCarbon Steel Weld Elbows - Pipe Fittings - Ferguson (steel) 10 in 12 in 14 in 16 in 18 in 20 in 24 in 30 in 36 in 54 in x 54 in 60 in 1/2 in 3/4 in 1 in 1-1/4 in 1-1/2 in 2 in 2-1/2 in 3 in 3-1/2 in 4 in 5 in 6 in 8 in. 10 in. Weld Standard Long Radius Carbon Steel 90 Degree Elbow. Part # GW910. X. (pipe) carbon steel 3d 90 degree elbow, carbon steel 3d 90 degree 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) A wide variety of carbon steel 3d 90 degree elbow options are available to you, such as forged, casting. You can also choose from carbon steel, plastic carbon steel 3d 90 degree elbow, as well as from welding, female, and flange carbon steel 3d 90 degree elbow, and whether carbon steel 3d 90 degree elbow is 3 years.

carbon steel 45 90 180 degree elbow stainless steel elbows 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

Short Radius (SR) Elbow is also called SR elbow, means the radius is 1.0 times the pipe diameter90 Degree Long Radius Elbow, SS 90 Degree LR Elbow carbon steel 45 90 180 degree elbow stainless steel elbowsDuplex & Super Duplex Steel Buttweld 90 Degree Long Radius Elbow ASTM A 815, ASME SA 815 UNS NO S31803, S32205. UNS S32750, S32950. (pipe) carbon steel 45 90 180 degree elbow stainless steel elbows 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) Short Radius (SR) Elbow is also called SR elbow, means the radius is 1.0 times the pipe diameter90 Degree Long Radius Elbow, SS 90 Degree LR Elbow carbon steel 45 90 180 degree elbow stainless steel elbowsDuplex & Super Duplex Steel Buttweld 90 Degree Long Radius Elbow ASTM A 815, ASME SA 815 UNS NO S31803, S32205. UNS S32750, S32950. (pipe) carbon steel pipe fittings API 5L GR B 90 degree elbow 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow (steel) 90 Degree Long radius Elbow ANSI B 16.9, 90 Degree Steel carbon steel pipe fittings API 5L GR B 90 degree elbow. A Pipe elbow is a fitting installed between two lengths of Pipe or tube allowing a change of direction, usually in the 90° or 45° direction. Prosaic Steel & Alloys manufactures Pipe fitting devices which are bent in such a way to 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

steel pipe fittings 90 degree elbow, steel pipe fittings 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow

A wide variety of steel pipe fittings 90 degree elbow options are available to you, such as forged, casting. You can also choose from iron, carbon steel, and stainless steel steel pipe fittings 90 degree elbow, as well as from welding steel pipe fittings 90 degree elbow, and whether steel pipe fittings 90 degree elbow is hexagon, or square. (pipe)Carbon Steel Elbows - Pipe Fittings - Ferguson (steel) Apollo Conbraco Apollo&PowerPress 1/2 in. Press Carbon Steel 45 Degree Elbow with HNBR Seal. Apollo Conbraco Apollo&PowerPress 407 Series 1/2 in. Press Carbon Steel 90 Degree Elbow with EPDM Seal. Apollo Conbraco Apollo&PowerPress 406G Series 3/4 in. Press Straight Carbon Steel 45 Degree Elbow with HNBR O-Ring.

Steel Pipeline

LASW Steel Pipe

API 5L Pipe

Maybe You Like

90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow price, Best price 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow, 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow chemical composition, 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow yield strength, 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow equivalent, 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow properties, 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow in China, what is 90 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow 45 Degree Carbon Steel Elbow,

Get Free Consultation

Get the most professional technical answers and quotation solutions
Or if you need quick assistance
Mail Us 24/7 For Customer Support At mildsteels@yeah.net